Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and also over one million people die, most of them young children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The key places that malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, is able to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You can find four varieties of malaria parasite that can infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for growth and development of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to fight malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that utilizing the same technology one day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology can be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.